Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue
Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue is situated in Nabi Daniel street. it is considered the second biggest Synagogue in the world.
The Synagogue is lying in the site of the ancient Caesareum, in 1907 during digging foundation of the present building of the synagogue an inscription dated from the age of Emperor Augustus confirmed the fact that the synagogue is built inside the Caesareum behind the famous Cleopatra needles.
In his book, Alexandria: History and guide, Foster explains that the Jews migrated to Alexandria around 200 BC. They first lived at the north-eastern part of the city, where a community of them, traders and financiers, used to Live. They translated the Bible into Greek and produced a magnificent work of wisdom (the Wisdom of Solomon-100 BC). Alluding slightly to the Orthodox Bible, contained in the Apocrypha, represent 14 books, sometimes related to the Old Testament of the Bible, though the Protestants do not recognize them, in addition, their author is anonymous.
A Jewish writer named, Philo Judaeus, born 25 BC and died 50 BC, was known in Alexandria. Plato described him as the greatest representative of the Hellenistic Jewish legacy in Alexandria. There are no historical records, however, of any other than him.
Some historians believe that the number of the Jews I Alexandria, following the Islamic Conquest, ranged between 40.000 and 70,000 given that Alexandria used to be the capital of the Byzantine Empire then.
Historical sources indicate that the Jews of Egypt did not live in a ghetto and were never considered by Egyptians a foreign community. Rather, they were treated as though Egyptians, who chose to embrace.
The tolerance and friendly relations were prevalent amongst the Egyptians: Muslims, Christians and Jews.
By the end of the 17th century, the present Jews’ Quarter was established at the area extending From Anfoushi to the area of Hoosh el-Najjar, Hoosh el-Ja’aan and Hoosh el-Hanafi, to France Square and Street in Manshiyya.
Alexandria used to be the capital of money and trade: the center of world banks transactions and the major houses of trade and finance, famous Jewish families emerged in Alexandria: De Menashe, Agiun, Gohar, Rollo, Detsherto, Toriel, Nassim Cohen, Smouha, Hayeem Dorrah, Marco Nadler, and Dr. Herman Shlezinger, all of whom were rich and influential.
Alexandria witnessed a remarkable activity in social services of charities, orphanages, hospitals, schools and houses of worship for the Jewish community.